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What is the best tech stack for mobile app development?


By NIIT Editorial

Published on 19/02/2021

6 minutes

Getting together a robust technology stack is vital to ensure that your mobile app development is successful. It not only ensures that your mobile app performs well but also enhances its scalability. What is a tech stack?

What is a Tech Stack?

A tech stack or technology stack is a collection of software, development frameworks, programming languages, APIs, and components that are required to develop a fully functional mobile application. Tech stack is what decides the present and future of a software product. Defining the tech stack at an early stage will help you achieve your business objectives more easily.

What are some of the best stacks for mobile app development?

Here’s a look at some popular mobile application technology stacks that makeup powerful, scalable and innovative mobile apps.

  • Android Tech Stack

If you’re planning to build a native application for the Android platform, you can use the following core app technologies.

Programming Languages: Kotlin and Java

Toolkit: Android Developer Tools and Android Studio

UI Frameworks: Jetpack Compose, Android UI

SDK: Android SDK

  • iOS Tech Stack

If you want to create a native app for iOS, the following are the core app technologies to use.

Programming Languages: Swift and Objective-C

Toolkit: Xcode and IntelliJ AppCode

UI Frameworks: UIKit, SwiftUI

SDK: iOS SDK

 

  • Cross-Platform App Tech Stack

If you want to target both iOS and Android markets, these cross-platform frameworks will save you the hassle of having different code bases.

Framework 1: React Native & TypeScript or JavaScript

Framework 2: Xamarin & C#

 

  • Hybrid App Tech Stack

Hybrid Apps use standard web tools and technologies like HTML5, CSS and JavaScript. The code is wrapped in a native shell and shipped as a regular app and can run on all platforms.

Some frameworks that are most commonly used in Hybrid App development are Cordova, Sencha Touch 2, and Ionic.

 

How do you choose a tech stack?

When it comes to choosing the right tech stack for your mobile application, you have a variety of choices. But which one is best suited for your application?

Every mobile application is unique and has its own set of requirements. You should have a solid plan in mind if you want to have a professional software application that is scalable, secure and easy to maintain. You cannot just copy the tech stack used by other apps or developers. Choosing the wrong mobile tech stack can negatively affect the current performance and future growth prospects.

Some factors that influence the choice of mobile tech stack are:

Project Requirements

When choosing a tech stack, you must take into account the purpose of the project and what effect the tech stack may have on the project. If you want to create a complex mobile app with platform-specific UI, then you should go native. If you want to reach both Android and iOS users in a brief period, and performance isn’t that critical, you should go for a cross-platform tech stack. 

Scalability 

If you want your app to be scalable when it grows, go for a tech stack that isn’t restrictive when it is time to expand. The choice of server, database, hosting provider and programming languages should be able to support a stable system when the traffic increases.

Security

Security is crucial regardless of which platform your app is running on. No matter what tech stack you use, malicious hackers will find their way in, if there is any vulnerability. Every popular mobile app technology comes prepared to combat security-related vulnerabilities; however, go for one that is well-documented with a clean framework and does not require writing lengthy codes.

Portability

The tech stack for a mobile app that runs on a single platform would differ completely from the one that runs on multiple platforms like iOS, Android, and the Web. Whether you want to run your application on multiple platforms or not, is an important factor to consider when choosing the mobile tech stack for your app.

Developer Skillset

There are high chances that you’re going to work with a team of developers. If you’re overwhelmed with the choices you have, it is best to rely upon the developer’s skill set. If the developers are not acquainted with a tech stack, it will increase the development time and cost. Choosing the right tech stack as per the developers’ proficiency will help expedite the process and maintain the quality of the product.

A full-stack developer is the one who handles all aspects of mobile app development- the front end and the back end. Also, with the advent of full-stack software and technologies, the demand for full-stack developers is on the rise. Hence, full-stack programming and development is a lucrative career opportunity to consider. However, you would need adequate training and exposure.

If you want to learn more about full-stack development and tech stacks, NIIT can be a perfect choice. It offers industry-oriented digital courses taught by experienced teachers. You are also given industry exposure. The certification by NIIT is recognised in the industry and offers you a chance of securing a decent job or excel in your career.

 

 



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