Top 9 Python frameworks for Game Development

By NIIT Editorial

Published on 29/12/2020

7 minutes

Python is a versatile language that finds use in many areas. One of these areas is gaming. Battlefield 2 is one of the popular games that uses Python for many in-game functions. The programming language has proven helpful for developers in prototyping and creating games.


There are certain Python frameworks which help you in game development. We tell you 9 most used ones.


Pygame - This is an open-source Python library, which enables users to build fully featured games, as well as multimedia applications with Python programming. It is a combination of Python, C, Native and OpenGL and uses optimised C language and assembly code for core functions. The library is highly portable and runs on all platforms and operating systems.


Pyglet – This powerful library can be used for python game development and other visually-rich applications on multiple operating systems. It is an open-source, cross-platform windowing and multimedia library that supports user interface event handling, OpenGL graphics, Joysticks, loading images and videos, and audio playback. Pyglet runs under Python 3.5+ and does not have any external dependencies nor does it require installation.


Panda3D - This is an open-source and free-to-use engine that can help you in creating real time 3D games, visualisations, simulations, and experiments. It is written in Python and C++ and includes command-line tools for processing and optimising the source code. It also supports a number of popular third-party libraries, such as the Bullet physics engine, OpenAL, Assimp model loader, and FMOD sound libraries.


PyKyra - This is based on both SDL (Software and Documentation Localisation) and Kyra engine and is considered one of the fastest python game development frameworks. Along with the standard features of Kyra framework, PyKyra also supports MPEG video, direct image reading, sounds such as MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Wav, Multichannel module files, and much more.


Kivy - This is an open-source and cross-platform Python library that runs on Linux, Windows, OS X, Android, iOS, and Raspberry Pi. It is equipped with multi-touch apps and can natively use most inputs, protocols and devices including WM_Touch, WM_Pen, Mtdev, Linux Kernel HID, Mac OS X Trackpad and Magic Mouse, and TUIO. Kivy is GPU accelerated, and it has more than 20 widgets that are all highly extensible.


PyOpenGL – It is a cross-platform Python binding for OpenGL and related APIs. It wraps most of the OpenGL APIs and presents a more Pythonic interface. In PyOpenGL, the binding is created using standard Ctypes library. It is interoperable with many external GUI libraries for Python such as PyGame, PyQt, Raw XLib, and more.


Python-Ogre / PyOgre - Python-Ogre is a Python binding of a C++ library for the Ogre 3D engine. PyOgre actually consists of two libraries - Ogre3d, which is a 3D rendering engine and CEGUi, which is an embedded GUI system. PyOgre is a cross-platform library and inherits speed and flexibility. This 3D rendering engine has an impressive feature set and has been used to create impressive games.


Cocos2d - Cocos2d is an open-source software framework written in Python, C++, and Objective C. It can be used to build games, applications and cross-platform GUI based interactive programs. The Cocos2d family consists of Cocos2d-XNA, Cocos2d-x, Cocos2d-JS, and Cocos2d.


Ren’Py - This is an open-source and cross-platform engine written in Python and Cython. With the help of this engine, you can combine words, images, and sounds for creating visuals and life simulation games. Digital Storytelling has been made much simpler by Ren’Py. It also supports Python scripting language that allows developers to work with complex game logic. One of Ren’Py’s biggest advantages is its portability, it runs on almost every computer system.


All this may seem complex, but Python libraries are amongst the most helpful things out there once you understand the basics. The short term course ‘Python Programming and Data Exploration in Python’ by NIIT can help you do just that. Taught by expert instructors who have extensive field exposure to coding and python game development, you can benefit from their expertise.


Reach out to your nearest NIIT centre to know more about the course structure, offerings and the fees.

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